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Đề thi thử tiếng Anh 2023 Sở GD Hà Nội
Mã đề 423
Trích dẫn nội dung đề thi
Do you know the indispensable part of your computer that is more than a century old? The modern typewriter was born in the back of Kleinsteuber’s Machine Shop in Milwaukee. That’s where Christopher Sholes took some piano wire and a telegraph key and built a crude typing device in 1868. It could type only one letter, a rather fuzzylooking w, but it was still pretty amazing for its time. Sholes and his partners designed a more ambitious model with all the letters in the alphabet.
The typewriter had a problem, though. Try to type quickly on it, and the type bars banged into one another and got stuck. The solution to that problem resulted in the keyboard we know today.
Sholes consulted with an educator who helped him analyze the most common pairings of letters in the English language. He then split up those letters so that their type bars were farther apart and less likely to jam. That in turn dictated the layout of the keyboard – known as QWERTY, for the first five letters in the upper row. In a manner of speaking, he slowed down the typists to prevent jamming, and thus speed up the typing.
In 1873 the Sholes & Glidden Type Writer became the first to be mass-produced, and its keyboard layout was soon standard on all typewriters. The original Sholes & Glidden typed only capitals and was designed in an awkward fashion that prevented the typist from looking at the paper while typing. Ads trumpeted its value to clergymen and lawyers, but it sold quite poorly at first. One reason: it was expensive. It cost 125,theequivalentofmorethan1,700 today.
Other keyboard layouts have been created since, and some are demonstrably more efficient, but the original continues to thrive. It is a telling illustration of the power of inertia and the reward of being first.
Question 44: What is TRUE, according to paragraph 1?
A. Sholes was the owner of a shop in Milwaukee.
B. Sholes tried to improve the typewriter alone.
C. The first typewriter was fuzzy looking.
D. The first typewriter appeared more than 100 years ago.
Question 45:The word It in paragraph 1 refers to _____.
A. a piano wire
B. a modern typewriter
C. a telegraph key
D. a crude typing device
Question 46:What was the weak point of the first typewriter model?
A. amazing letters
B. strange-looking w
C. poor design
D. low efficiency
Question 47:What does the passage state?
A. Typists slowed down the improvement of the keyboard.
B. A person could type very quickly on the first typewriter.
C. Sholes avoided problems having rearranged the letters.
D. Educators dictated how to group letters on the keyboard.
Đáp án đề thi thử tiếng Anh 2023 Sở giáo dục Hà Nội
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