Đề thi tuyển sinh vào 10 Tiếng Anh chuyên TP HCM 2018

Cập nhật đề thi và đáp án tham khảo môn Tiếng Anh chuyên vào lớp 10 TP HCM năm học 2018 - 2019.

Đề thi chính thức:

SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO
THÀNH PHỐ HỒ CHÍ MINH
KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH LỚP 10 TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG
NĂM HỌC 2018 - 2019
MÔN: TIẾNG ANH (Môn chuyên)
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi có 04 trang)
Ngày thi: 03 tháng 6 năm 2018
Thời gian làm bài: 150 phút
(không kể thời gian phát đề)

I. USE OF ENGLISH (3.0 PTS)

PART A: CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER TO FILL IN THE BLANK. (1.5 PTS)

1. Every Christmas of my childhood was the same. My father _____ late for lunch, weighed down with presents for the family.
A. would arrive
B. could arrive
C. was arriving
D. got used to arriving

2. If I _____ you a free ticket, would you go to Florence with me?
A. would offer
B. were to offer
C. had offered
D. were offered

3. "You _____ things. Can't you be more careful?" said Tom's mother.
A. always lose
B. are losing
C. always lost
D. are always losing

4. _____ in the next room, her voice is like _____ of a boy.
A. Hearing / the sound
B. Hearing / the one
C. Heard / that
D. Having been heard / that one

5. I'd say let's meet on Saturday but I'm none _____ sure what's happening at the weekend.
A. So
B. very
C. that
D. too

6. When the exam is over, I'll go fishing -  _____  I haven't done for weeks.
Aanything
B. something C. things
D. everything

7. We're going to visit the Great Walls. Everybody says this is  _____
A. a too good chance for being lost
B. too good a chance to be lost
C. too good a chance for being lost
D. a too good chance to lose

8.  _____ her suggestion is of greater value than her friend's.
A. All things considered
B. All things considering
C. Considering all things
D. Considered all things

9. As far as I am concerned, education is about learning and the more you learn,  _____
A. the more for life are you equipped
B. the more life you equip for
C. the more equipped for life you are
D. the more life you are equipped for

10. He wants to give his daughters _____ he can afford.
A. all for the best
B. the very best
C. at best
D. what best

11.  _____ Sam had was gone when she heard that nearly all her classmates had failed to answer the teacher's question.
A. A little confidence
B. The little confidence
C. Little confidence
D. Little of confidence

12.  _____  the difficulty of the task, I shall be lucky to have completed it by June.
A. Regarding
B, Presuming
C. Given
D. Encountered

13. Diana took a course in shorthand and typing  _____ applying for a secretary job.
A. on account of
B, with a view to
C. with a reason for
D. for fear of

14. Jessica has bungled every task her boss has given her so far. _____ he's prepared to give her one last chance.
A. Notwithstanding
B. Instead
C. Furthermore
D. Nevertheless

15. The restaurant is popular with film stars and the  _____ .
A. same
B. like
C. such
D. similar

16. Tom's decision to leave university after a year is one he now  _____ regrets.
A. painfully
B. harshly
C. heavily
D. deeply

17. Pollutants in this river are increasing _____ - something must be done about it immediately.
A. chillingly
B. utterly
C. rigorously
D, alarmingly

18. Although his paintings are abstract, the artist _____ Inspiration from the natural world.
A. draws
B. pulls
C, makes
D. has

19. She _____ with pleasure at the unexpected compliment.
A, grinned
B. glared
С. beamed
D. laughed

20. As Jane lay in her cabin, she heard the gentle sound of waves _____  against the hull.
A. pelting
B. splashing
C. gushing
D. lapping

21. David was so _____ by the beauty of Ha Long Bay that he instantly decided to move there.
A. captured
B. captivated
C. accumulated
D. beckoned

22. Many species of fish have _____  ways of protecting their eggs from predators
A. ingenious
B. indicative
C. Inspiring
D. ingenuous

23. No one knows how the rival company got  _____  of the plans for their new marketing campaign.
A. wind
B. breeze
C. voice
D. ear

24. Family relationships later  _____   a great significance in his life.
A. bult up
B. kept on
C. took on
D. made up

25. For non-native speakers, it is not unusual for inderstanding to   _____ when listening to other's conversations in English.
A. fall away
B. break down
C. give up
D. set out

26. Since we had only one day left, we decited to mak an  _____  effort to finish the run in record time.
A. all-in
B. all-out
C. overall
D. all-around
A. draws

indicativo
2A. ingen knows how the
g breeze great significance took on
A. wind
A built up For non-native speakers, it is not unusual for understanding to
B. break down A fall away ce we had only one day left, we decided to make an
B. pll-out A. all-in
artists to be taken on recently by an important gallery.

27. Julian is one of the many young,  _____ artists to be taken on recently by an important gallery.
A. bottom-up
B, up-and-coming
C. top-down
D. out-and-out

28. Jimmy's not interested in the   _____. He just wants to know the plain facts.
A. cut and thrust
B. hue and cry
C. ifs and buts
D. part and parcel

29. Mai:   _____ ?
Lan: I'm pretty busy right now. I'm doing my homework because I have an exam tomorrow.
A. How is your day going?
B. How are you doing?
C. What do you do?
D. What are you doing here?

30. Student 1: - Excuse me! Could you show me the way to the library?
Student 2: - Sorry, I'm new here.
Student 1: -  _____
A. Not at all
B. Bad luck.
C. No problem.
D. Thank you all the same.

PART B: CHOOSE THE WORD OR PHRASE THAT BEST FITS EACH SPACE IN THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE. (1.5 PTS)

In recent years, ready-made meals have (1)_____ Britain's eating (2)_____ Britons now spend four times as much as the Italians on ready-made meals and six times more than the Spanish. (3)_____ for instant meals has increased across Europe as a (4)_____ but why has Britain become the (5)_____ European capital of ready-made food, second only in the world to America?

Convenience is (6)_____ of the attraction. A recent survey (7)_____ that 77 percent of purchasers sald they only bought ready meals when they did not have time to cook, Dr Susan Jebb, head of nutrition at the Medical Research Council, said: 'People in the UK work the longest hours, we are very time-poor, and we don't have a strong (8)_____  history of cooking.' The ready-made meal boom also reflects changing social (9)_____ in Britain. More people live alone and so are less Key to be (10)_____ to cook. And with families eating together less often, ready meals allow people to eat what they want when they want. Julia Michna, of Marks and Spencer, says that ready meals also reflect changing (11)_____ in food. 'Britain's multiculturalism has brought a (12) _____ range of restaurants than other European countries, and ethnic cuisines, which people are often scared of cooking from (13)_____ ,are (14) _____ more popular. One quarter of (15)_____ meals are Indian, and nearly one in five are Chinese.

1. A. amended          B. adjusted          C. transferred          D. transformed
2. A. ways          B. forms          C. habits          D. manners
3. A. Request          B. Order          C. Demand          D. Charge
4. A. condusion          B. total          C. result         D. whole
5. A. unclaimed          B. unclassified          C undefeated          D. undisputed
6. A element          B. piece          C. part          D. share
7. A found          B. made          C. put          D. gave
8. A. traditional          B. cultural          C. modern          D. customary
9. A trends          B. temptations          C. drifts          D. movements
10. A. offended          B. bothered          C worried          D. disturbed
11. A. desires          B. likings          C. tastes          D. wishes
12. Alonger          B. deeper          C. harder          D. wider
13. A. scratch          B: beginning          C. memory          D. nowhere
14. A. very          B. lot          C. far          D. such
15. A. chilled          B. decent          C. meager          D. junk

II. READING (3.5 PTS) PART A: READ THE PASSAGE AND CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS (1.0 PT)

The radical change in the land's surface that results when rural areas are transformed into cities is a significant cause of the in temperature in cities that is known as urban heat island.

First, the tall buildings and the concrete and asphalt of the city absorb and store greater quantities of solar radiation than do the vegetation and soil typical of rural areas.

In addition, because the concrete and asphalt are impermeable, the runoff of water following a rain is rapid, resulting in a severe reduction in the evaporation rate. So heat that once would have been used to convert liquid water to a gas goes instead to increase the surface temperature further.

A night, although both city and countryside cool through radiation losses, the stone-like surface of the city gradually releases the additional heat accumulated during the day, keeping the urban air warmer than that of the outlying areas.

Part of the urban temperature rise must also be attributed to waste heat from such sources as home heating and air conditioning, power generation, industry, and transportation. Many studies have shown that the magnitude of human-made energy in metropolitan areas is equal to a slanificant percentage of the energy received from the Sun at the surface.

Investigations in Sheffield, England, and Berlin showed that the annual heat production in these cities was equal to approximately one-thrid of that received from solar radiation. Another study of the densely built-up Manhattan section of New York City revealed  that during the winter the quantity of heat produced from combustion alone was two and one-half times greater than the amount of y reaching the ground. In summer the figure dropped to one-sixth.
It is interesting to note that during the summer there is a mutual reinforcement between the higher nighttime temperatures of the city and the human-made heat that helped create them. That is the higher temperatures result in the increased use of air conditioners, which in, turn, use energy and further increase the amount of urban heat. During the winter the nighttime warmth of urban areas, produced in large part by heavy energy consumption, is beneficial because less energy is needed to heat buildings.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The loss of farmland to urban development

B. The causes of increased heat in cities

C. Waste heat generated by home heating and air conditioning

D. How seasonal change affects the temperature of cities.

2. All of the following contribute to the urban heat island effect EXCEPT

A. absorption of heat from the Sun

B. storage of heat from the Sun

C. an increased rate of evaporation after a rainfall

D. the release of heat at night from city surfaces

3. The word convert in the passage is closest in meaning to

А. reverse

B. transform

C. reduce

D. compare

4. The word that in the passage refers to

A. city

B. heat

C. day
D. air

5. In which of the following locations would the rate of evaporation probably be highest?

A. A rural area

B. A small town

C . A medium-sized city

D. A big city

6. The word magnitude in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. calculation

B. comprehension

C. extent

D. formation

7. The author mentions Manhattan in order to demonstrate that

A heat in urban areas can be reduced

B. the conclusions of the investigation in Sheffield were wrong

C. its heat production is smaller than that of Berlin

D. human-made heat can exceed the solar energy that reaches the ground in winter

8. According to the passage, an important consequence of the use of air conditioners at night is

A. greater energy costs

B. higher levels of urban heat

C. serious problems with the energy supply

D. less need for air conditioning in the morning

9. The word beneficial in the passage is closest in meaning to

A. predictable

B. powerful

C. hazardous

D. advantageous

10. Which of the following is true about cities at night in the winter?

A. Solar energy has an increased impact on the urban heat island.

B. They tend to be colder than rural areas.

C. Less energy is required to heat buildings.

D. Human-made energy creates a larger area of total heat than solar energy.

PART B: REARRANGE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES SO THAT THEY MAKE A MEANINGFUL REVIEW OF A COMPUTER GAME. (0.5 PT)

A. A selection of viewpoints, including a breakneck 'biker's eye view are offered. This game will push your skills and patience to the limit.

B. There are 10 tracks, of which three are available at the outset. Only by scoring gold in both classes on all of these can you gain access to the next three, and so on.

C. Wonder Racer succeeds in bringing the body-breaking speed of time-trial biking to the PC, but its difficulty may leave you shaking. The approach is simple and unsophisticated.

D. The courses are a fictitious mbx of country lanes, exotic beaches and snowy mountain passes. The 3-D is excellent in its speed, smoothness and level of detail.

E. There are only three controls, far fewer than in many other modern games. Players start by selecting one of sixteen riders, from a set of teams.

PART C: SUPPLY EACH BLANK WITH ONE SUITABLE WORD. (2.0 PTS)

PASSAGE 1

It is forecast that we can look forward to working (1)________ hours in the future, but it is necessary for health and tranquility to work a certain (2)________ of hours per week, ideally doing a variety of jobs - something schools have always known. It may be that house building will meet this need. It is a very basic human instinct. Gardening is a related activity. It is already (3)________ to cultivate many fruits and vegetables than to buy them in the shops and the house of the next decade should take this into (4)________.

(5)________ important question is that of energy conservation. The proportion of income (6)________ on keeping warm is steadily going up, and, with the cost of energy likely to double in real terms during the next ten years or (7)________ many large badly-insulated old houses will become extremely expensive to use. The demand will be (8)________ small, well-insulated homes located in warm protected areas and making the best (9)________ of the sun's warmth. Efficient heating units will be of prime importance. At (10)________ we waste a lot of space in planning rooms which are awkward to use.

PASSAGE 2

We live surrounded by objects and systems that we take for (1)________ but which profoundly affect the way we behave, think work, play, and in general lead our (2)________. Look for example, at the place in which you are reading this now, and see how much of (3)________ surrounds you is understandable, how much of it you could actually build yourself or repair (4)________ cease to function. When we start the car or press the (5)________ in the elevator, or buy food in the supermarket, we gave no (6)________ to the complex devices or systems that make the car move, or the elevator rise, or the food appear on the shelves. Throughout this century we have become increasingly dependent on the products of (7)________ . They have already changed our lives: at the simplest (8)________, the availability of transport has made us physically less fit than our ancestors. Many people are alive only because they have been given (9)________ to disease through drugs. The vast majority of the world's population relies on the ability of technology to provide and transport food. We are unable to feed and clothe or keep (10)________ warm without technology.

III. ERROR CORRECTION (0.5 PT)

IDENTIFY THE FIVE (05) MISTAKES IN THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND CORRECT THEM.

LINE NUMBER  

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

An ecosystem is a group of animals and plants iving in a specific region and Interact with one another and with their physical environment. Ecosystems include physical and chemical components, such as soils, water, and nutritions that support the organisms living there. These organisms may range from large animals to microscopic bacteria. Ecosystems also can be thought of as the interactions among all organisms in a given habitat; for instance, one species may serve as food for other. People are part of the ecosystems where they live and work Human activities can harm or destroy local ecosystems unless actions such as land development for housing or businesses are careful planned to conserve and sustain the ecology of the area. An important part of ecosystem management involves finding ways to protect and enhance economical and social well-being while protecting local ecosystems.

IV. WORD FORMS (1.0 PT)

SUPPLY THE APPROPRIATE FORMS OF WORDS IN THE BRACKETS.

1. His tour was cut __________ short due to his illness. (appoint)

2. Since the city center became a(n) __________ pedestrian area, shopping has been a more pleasant experience. (traffic)

3. I've __________ the CNN homepage as I use it regularly to get the latest news. (mark)

4. The__________ at the temple are bringing heart for peace and prosperity. (devotion)

5. A(n) __________life, lack of physical activity, stressful jobs, and bad habits can influence one's health in a very bad way, (pacel)

6. Officials urged caution in anticipation of catastrophic and __________ flooding in the days to come. (threat)

7. The store manager explained that only certain items were sold at a discount. (apology)

8. Women are traditionally supposed to be good at __________ (task)

9. The recent events __________ the need for a better understanding of the environmental impact of biotechnology. (score)

10. __________ fines may be issued for careless driving and other offenses. (spot)

V. WRITING (2.0 PTS)

REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITHOUT CHANGING THE MEANING. YOU HAVE TO USE THE EXACT WORD GIVEN IN BRACKETS FOR EACH SENTENCE.

1. I think you should get someone to fix the computer. (fixed)

I would prefer it ________________________________________

2. Jack was so nervous that his mind couldn't function properly. (straight)

Such ________________________________________

3. Suddenly, the management said it was important for us to wear dark sults to the meeting. (once)

The management insisted ________________________________________

4. To say briefly, this school regulation cannot be abolished right away. (do)

In a ________________________________________

5. Trying to persuade someone to agree with you can be a formidable task. (view)

Trying to bring ________________________________________

6. Anna inherited a fortune when her father died. (into)

After the ________________________________________

7. We were not late for school because you took us in your car. (time)

If it hadnt been for ________________________________________

8. I managed to finish the task, but it was difficult. (succeed)

Only with ________________________________________

9. Although she didn't agree with the management's decision, Chioe was forced to accept it. (choice)

Much ________________________________________

10. Fred didnt tell Sophie his news until she had finished her homework. (telling)

Fred waited ________________________________________

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